Fire Fighter Schools and Training
Depending on where you live, most paid fire fighters are required to at least have a high school diploma. This is not always the case for volunteer departments depending on who is needed to serve. In more urban settings, due to the nature of the job and the competitive elements of landing a position, a two or four year degree is strongly encouraged. Even better, if a candidate is able they should take courses or get a degree in fire science, prevention or a related field. Generally candidates will be well skilled at cerebral tasks since there will be written exams administered at various points along the training.
Novice recruits or cadets are often trained at a central department academy or school in the larger cities, or a regional training center in more rural environments. These courses cover a wide breadth of subjects including fire prevention, techniques for combating fires in a variety of circumstances (residential, business, et cetera), building fire codes, hazardous material treatment (HAZMAT), emergency paramedic and medical assistance procedures, first aid, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and advanced life saving techniques.
Schools and training will also cover the use of the tools of the trade, which include hoses, ladders, axes, chainsaws, crowbars and other forms of fire extinguishers. After training is completed, new recruits are generally assigned to a fire company or department where they will remain on probation during an internship period. After their apprenticeship is complete, a recruit will then become a full-fledged member of the fire fighting team.